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Time Estimation

Before students can learn to tell time or calculate time passage, they need to have some notion of what time is and how it works.

One of the best ways to help students to develop a sense of time is to have them think about their own lives and orient their activities to time.

Some students will know what time they get up, what time they go to bed, what time school starts, etc.  For those students, mapping on additional life activities is fairly easy.  If I wake up at 7 and go to school at 8, then I must eat breakfast at 7:30.  But some students have no notion of time.  They know that they get up and go to school  but they have no idea when.  For those students, you need to help them think about the clock and time, and how the day moves through the same times, and similar activities every day.  Have those students talk with their parents to find their own benchmark times. 

The worksheets below help students orient their activities in the most general way (at what time of day do you wake up? Morning, afternoon, or night?) and in more specific ways (at about what time do you eat dinner?).  With practice, students can learn to think about time, but it's helpful if you start generally and get them to work with their families on a regular basis as they go about their daily tasks.